COURSE 2.4: End users and citizens participation (3 ECTS) 


During the course "End Users and Citizens Participation" the significance of professionals' empathy for the end users will be revealed. The students will delve into the pivotal role of community engagement in shaping the past, present, and future realities of architectural heritage as well as learn and practically test the methods of indirect participation/observation methods.

The course consists of two parts: "Theory and practice of citizens participation" and "Content analysis. Indirect participation methods", and these two blocks will be integrated through practice to get a more comprehensive understanding of implementation in real-life situations.

During the "Theory and practice of citizens participation" module, students will deepen their knowledge about public involvement in cultural heritage preservation processes. Through the case study, students will test methods and tools, which would help to better understand the citizen's needs and will help to engage the society in decision-making.

During the "Content analysis. Indirect participation methods" module students will learn that relevant information about end users can be harvested even without direct interaction with them. Also, the methods of transforming non-structured information into formats that analysis will be taught. The analysis of documents and communication artefacts, which might be texts of various formats, pictures, audio, or video, will be carried out.


To foster empathy for the end users when analysing and proposing future guidelines for heritage objects and areas;

To qualify students with the methodological tools and practical instruments of citizen participation to engage them in the decision-making processes;

To acquire fundamental knowledge and provide practical skills for the indirect participation methods and tools.


The course will combine theoretical classes with active learning (practices and field visits). Lectures and practices will last one and a half hours, and field visits – three hours. The theory will be followed by a practical task. The teachers will propose short practical exercises to the students to be carried out in class, in the field and at home to understand and apply the theoretical contents of the lessons.


03/06/2024 - 14/06/2024 (teaching weeks)


To successfully complete the course, students must pass all two sections: the course project and the class exercises. The value of each section is as follows:

- %60 final presentation of the exercise

- %40 short practical project exercises



Theory and practice of citizens participation,

Laura Jankauskaitė-Jurevičienė (2 ECTS), Coordinator

Content analysis. Indirect participation methods 

Ingrida Povilaitienė (1 ECTS)

The course is structured in 3 modules, with the following lectures (L) and practices (P):

1.- Definition and evolution (L.Jankauskaitė-Jurevičienė)

L1 – What is Citizen Participation and why is it important?

P1 - Is it possible to find a common language?

2. – Inform and/or obtain input (L.Jankauskaitė-Jurevičienė)

L2 – Tools and methods of citizen participation

P2 - Techniques to obtain public input to the decision process

3. – Understanding the context indirectly (I. Povilaitienė)

L3 – How to make sense out of the mess?

P3 – Look and code! Unveiling insights


Zaleckis, K., Vitkuviene, J., Jankauskaite-Jureviciene, L., Grazuleviciute-Vileniske, I., & Karvelyte-Balbieriene, V. (2023). Community Involvement in Place-Making: Present Map Methodology. Architecture and Urban Planning, 19(1), 29-37.

Zaleckis, K., Jankauskaite-Jureviciene, L., Vitkuviene, J., Grazuleviciute-Vileniske, I., & Karvelyte-Balbieriene, V. (2022, August). Integration of Collective Knowledge into Simulative Urban Modeling. In Annual Conference of the European Association for Architectural Education (pp. 214-230). Cham: Springer Nature Switzerland.

Shih, C. M., Treija, S., Zaleckis, K., Bratuškins, U., Chen, C. H., Chen, Y. H., ... & Mlinkauskienė, A. (2021). Digital placemaking for urban regeneration: Identification of historic heritage values in Taiwan and the Baltic states. Urban planning, 6(4), 257-272.

Jankauskaitė-Jurevičienė, L., & Mlinkauskienė, A. (2021). Community participation in decision making processes in urban planning: the case of Kaunas. Journal of contemporary urban affairs, 5(2), 46-57.

Nabatchi, T., & Leighninger, M. (2015). Public participation for 21st century democracy. John Wiley & Sons.

Roniotes, A., Malotidi, V., Virtanen, H., & Vlachogianni, T. A. (2015). Handbook on the Public Participation Process in the Mediterranean. Text Version of the MedPartnership e-Learning Module.

Sanoff, H. (1999). Community participation methods in design and planning. John Wiley & Sons.

Arnstein, S. R. (1969). A ladder of citizen participation. Journal of the American Institute of planners, 35(4), 216-224.

Zaleckis, K., Grazuleviciute Vileniske, I., Vitkuviene, J., Tranaviciutė, B., Dogan, H. A., Sinkiene, J., & Grunskis, T. (2019). Integrating Content Analysis Into Urban Research: Compatibility With Sociotope Method and Multimodal Graph. SAGE Open, 9(1).

Vitkuvienė,J.,Gražulevičiūtė-Vileniškė,I.,Zaleckis,K. & Tranavičiūtė,B.(2019).Serious Game and Serious Play Concepts in the Content Analysis of Urban Spaces. Architecture and Urban Planning,15(1) 30-37.

Rose, G. (2001). Visual methodologies: An introduction to the interpretation of visual materials. Sage.

Evaluation and Resit rules:

All the courses/subjects and Master Dissertation have jointly evaluation rules based in the quality of the practical works proposed by the teachers. The student and teachers presence is mandatory. Related with the courses/subjects all the teachers involved in them have to send to the coordinator teacher the individual evaluation of the students

The evaluation level (excellent, good and deficient) will be taken by the coordinator following the opinions of the teachers involved and in agreement with them. The evaluation level will be discussed with the student. If a student fail a course (deficient level), at least one resit per course/subject within the period Block will be allowed. This resit will take into account the new data and solutions reported by the student. The resit evaluation process will be similar to the initial one.

Students with a deficient level after resitting a course/subject will be remain bound to the EMJMD until ends of the respective Block where the course is allocated. In these cases, the Academic Committee will review the study performance status of the student and advises on continuation of the programme in accordance with their regulations. Students with very weak study performance (decided by the Academic Committee) may lose their scholarship or may be advised to end their study. Students who quite ARURCOHE early, but have successfully completed several courses/subjects, will get a certificate stating the courses for which they have earned credits (in ECTS). This decision will be communicated to the Erasmus+ Program office.