COURSE 2.1: Safeguarding and conservation of the 20th century architecture (4 ECTS)


The course investigates the themes connected with the conservation and valorization of the architectural heritage of the 20th century. In particular, the course is divided into two parts:

1.- The first investigates the relationship between heritage and heritage communities, underlining the importance of local communities in conservation and valorization processes. Through the presentation of some case studies of significant interest in the international context, the processes for conservation characterized by principles of compatibility and sustainability with the factory subject to intervention will be evaluated. Architects, designers, and restorers responsible for the works and projects carried out will be involved.
What conservation for contemporary heritage during major events? Some experiences carried out during the Turin 2006 Winter Olympics are illustrated. The students will be asked to carry out a short graphic exercise on the analysis of materials and degradations of contemporary Turin architecture, analyzed with the teachers during a dedicated inspection.

2.- The second part investigates UNESCO's action in the conservation and valorization of the architectural heritage of the 20th century. A debate will then be developed on the concept of authenticity and on the main tools for initiating conservation and valorization policies.


- To acquire fundamental knowledge on the evolution of theories and practices.
- To explore instruments and methodological tools supporting the students to analyze the preservation and conservation of urban contemporary heritage.
- To build autonomous and critical thinking on the topics covered through design assignments or oral presentations.
- To build autonomous and critical thinking on the topics covered through ICOMOS and UNESCO declarations.
- Critical comparison between students and operators in the field of preservation and conservation of contemporary architectural heritage.


Presentation: 08/04/2024, 14.30h
Delivery: 19/04/2024, 13.00h


1st PART: Francesco Novelli (3 ECTS), Coordinator

• 20th-century architecture: cultural heritage for a patrimonial community;

Industrial archeology and urban regeneration: case studies;

• Restoration of contemporary architecture and major events. The 2006 Turin Winter Olimpic Games;

• Capitalization of contemporary architecture between research and protection activity.

Presentation with the information arranged during the lecture and review in a practical exercise delivered during 1st lecture.

Calendar of 1st PART:

8 April, 2.30 pm/630 pm (4h)

9 April, 9.00 am/1.00 pm (4 h)

10 April, 2.30 pm/6.30 pm (4 h)

11 April, 9.00 pm/6.30 pm (8h) - sightseeing at Contemporary Unesco Heritage in IVREA (TO)

12 April, 9.00 pm/6.30 pm (8h)

15 April, 9.00 pm/11.00 pm (2h)

2nd PART: Vaidas Petrulis (1 ECTS)

• Filling the Gaps: 20th-century architecture as a UNESCO World Heritage site. The lecture will present the "Historic Thematic Framework" (promoted by ICOMOS ISC20C) as a tool to assess value. The task for the debate is to present a specific site based on the ideas of HTF.
• Local Modernism: Arguments for Outstanding Universal Value (OUV). The lecture will provide a detailed comparative analysis of OUVs and Criteria.
• 20th-century architecture and the changing concept of authenticity. The lecture will debate authenticity from the perspective of the Conservation Management Plan (CMP) as an instrument.
• Debate. Presentations by students.


 Alatalu, Riin (2021). Dignity of the heritage and the heritage communities Journal of cultural heritage management and sustainable development. Vol.11 (2), p.146-154.

Barreca, Alice; Curto, Rocco; Rolando, Diana (2017). An innovative methodological and operational approach to developing Management Plans for UNESCO World Heritage Sites: a Geographic Information System for "Ivrea, industrial city of the 20th century". Ce.S.E.T. Aestimum, 2017-12 (71), p.177-213.

Carbonara, Giovanni (1980). Il cemento nel restauro dei monumenti, L'industria italiana del cemento, no. 11/novembre (1980), pp. 1097–122.

Catalano, Agostino (2022). The restoration of the concrete architecture of 20th century. The Torre Delle Nazioni, in The Mostra d'Oltremare in Naples, Journal of architectural conservation, Vol.28 (2), p.115-125.

Heuvel, Dirk van den (2008). The challenge of change dealing with the legacy of the modern movement, International DOCOMOMO Conference.

La Conservazione delle Policromie nell'Architettura del XX Secolo, Conservation of Colour in 20th Century Architecture, DOCOMOMO journal, 2022-01 (50).

Magnago Lampugnano, Vittorio (1986). Encyclopedia of 20 th – century architecture.

Sennott, R. Stephen (2004). Encyclopedia of 20th-century architecture.

Toniolo, Lucia; Boriani, Maurizio, Guidi, Gabriele (2015). Built Heritage: Monitoring Conservation Management.

Vitiello, Veronica; Castelluccio, Roberto; Trampetti, Silvia (2023). The Recognition of Cultural Value as an Element for the Preservation of the 20th-Century Heritage: Application of the ICOMOS Multidisciplinary Approach to the ex S.M.O.M. of Pozzuoli. Heritage, 2023-01, Vol.6 (1), p.284-299.

20th Century Modern Architecture Heritage Must be Protected! DOCOMOMO Turkey: After 10 Years, Mimarlık, 2013-05 (371), p.73-75

Evaluation and Resit rules:

All the courses/subjects and Master Dissertation have jointly evaluation rules based in the quality of the practical works proposed by the teachers. The student and teachers presence is mandatory. Related with the courses/subjects all the teachers involved in them have to send to the coordinator teacher the individual evaluation of the students

The evaluation level (excellent, good and deficient) will be taken by the coordinator following the opinions of the teachers involved and in agreement with them. The evaluation level will be discussed with the student. If a student fail a course (deficient level), at least one resit per course/subject within the period Block will be allowed. This resit will take into account the new data and solutions reported by the student. The resit evaluation process will be similar to the initial one.

Students with a deficient level after resitting a course/subject will be remain bound to the EMJMD until ends of the respective Block where the course is allocated. In these cases, the Academic Committee will review the study performance status of the student and advises on continuation of the programme in accordance with their regulations. Students with very weak study performance (decided by the Academic Committee) may lose their scholarship or may be advised to end their study. Students who quite ARURCOHE early, but have successfully completed several courses/subjects, will get a certificate stating the courses for which they have earned credits (in ECTS). This decision will be communicated to the Erasmus+ Program office.