COURSE 1.3: The scientific culture applied to the analysis of the 20th century built heritage (3 ECTS)


The course aims to introduce students to the context of Scientific Methodology from a conceptual and practical point of view, with application to the built heritage of the 20th century. It focuses on three objectives: the scientific method in Construction and Architecture, learning to use international scientific databases and the multidisciplinary teamwork. The course will start form the introduction to the fundamental concept of two languages of patterns by Christopher Alexander and its possible relations to the cultural heritage. It will continue further with various research methodologies which could be used for both direct and indirect identification of architectural patterns such as fractal analysis, mathematical graph theory, agent-based modelling, etc. Theory, case analysis and practical tasks (see the "Dossiers and academic news" page) will be included. These three concepts are fundamental for a highly qualified future professional or researcher.

Course objectives:

To acquire competences for the development of scientific research methodology, applied to the built heritage of the 20th century.

To train for an efficient design, elaboration, writing and exhibition of scientific works.

To acquire and deepen knowledge that contributes to a basis or opportunity to be original in the development and/or application of ideas, in a research context.

To acquire skills for communicating conclusions, knowledge and the reasons that justify them, for specialized and non-specialized audiences, in a clear and unambiguous way.

To acquire leanings skills that allow students to continue studying in a self-directed or autonomous manner.


7/11/2023 - 8/12/2023 (teaching weeks)

11/12/2023 - 15/12/2023 (week to complete exercises)


Coordinator: Santiago Sánchez Beitia, 1 ECTS. Kęstutis Zaleckis, 1 ECTS. Daniel Luengas Carreño, 1 ECTS

Invited teachers:

Kebi Jiménez, Dr. David Ordóñez, Dr. Jose Antonio Chica, Dr. Josu Benito and the staff of DOCOMOMO Ibérico.


The course is structured in "Days", with the following lectures:

Day 1

1.-Presentation of the Course: Organization, contents and teachers (T1)

2.-Magister class (2 hours): The scientific culture (T1)

3.- Magister class (2 hours): The scientific culture related to the cultural heritage (T2)

T1: Santiago Sánchez Beitia

T2: Kęstutis Zaleckis

Day 2. Access to international scientific databases. The publication of the scientific or professional works: What is not published does not exists

1.- Consultation Tools (3 hours) (T3)

2.- Students application work (2 hours) (T3)

3.- Archives and digital sources ARURCOHE related (2 hours) (T4)

T3: Kebi Jiménez from the Central Library of the University of the Basque Country

T4: Daniel Luengas, University of the Basque Country

Day 3. Invited lecturers

1.-Invited lecture 1 (2 hours): TECNALIA Research Projects funded by the European Commission (T5)

2.-Invited lecture 2 (2 hours): An example of an Extraordinary Doctoral Thesis Award (T6) 

T5: Jose Antonio Chica / Josu Benito from Tecnalia Innovation Center

T6: David Ordóñez. Extraordinary Doctoral Thesis Award 2022 by the Basque Country Univ.

Days 4 and 5

Fieldwork. Visits related to the Dossiers (10 hours)

Invited lecture 3 (DOCOMOMO Ibérico)

Days 6 -10

Practical application by students to fieldwork-Dossiers of the consultation of scientific databases. Evaluation work of the Course (All teachers)


Sánchez Beitia, S. (2020). Las Construcciones Históricas: Los análisis previos y la cultura científica. UPV/EHU. ISBN 978-84-1319-254-3

Sánchez Beitia, S. (2020). Faros con valor patrimonial/histórico de España. Website:

UPV/EHU. Databases and e-resources of the library of the University of the Basque Country. Website:

Christopher, A.; Ishikawa, S.; Silverstein, M.; Jacobson, M.; Fiksdahl-King, I.; Angel, S. A Pattern Language: Towns, Buildings, Construction; (Center for Environmental Structure Series); Oxford University Press: Oxford, UK.

Hillier, B. Space is the Machine: A Configurational Theory of Architecture; Space Syntax: London, UK, 2007.

Zaleckis, K.; Doğan, H.A.; Arce, N.L. Evaluation of the Interventions to Built Heritage: Analysis of Selected Façades of Kaunas by Space Syntax and Sociological Methods. Sustainability 2022, 14, 4784.

Evaluation and Resit rules:

All the courses/subjects and Master Dissertation have jointly evaluation rules based in the quality of the practical works proposed by the teachers. The student and teachers presence is mandatory. Related with the courses/subjects all the teachers involved in them have to send to the coordinator teacher the individual evaluation of the students.

The evaluation level (excellent, good and deficient) will be taken by the coordinator following the opinions of the teachers involved and in agreement with them. The evaluation level will be discussed with the student. If a student fail a course (deficient level), at least one resit per course/subject within the period Block will be allowed. This resit will take into account the new data and solutions reported by the student. The resit evaluation process will be similar to the initial one.

Students with a deficient level after resitting a course/subject will be remain bound to the EMJMD until ends of the respective Block where the course is allocated. In these cases, the Academic Committee will review the study performance status of the student and advises on continuation of the programme in accordance with their regulations. Students with very weak study performance (decided by the Academic Committee) may lose their scholarship or may be advised to end their study. Students who quite ARURCOHE early, but have successfully completed several courses/subjects, will get a certificate stating the courses for which they have earned credits (in ECTS). This decision will be communicated to the Erasmus+ Program office.