COURSE 1.5: Inspection, diagnosis and repair of structures (6 ECTS) 


From the last decades of the 19th century onwards, an important change occurred in the field of construction. The arrival of new materials such as steel and reinforced concrete brought with it the development of new structural systems, which gradually replaced the traditional structural systems of timber and masonry. This course will deal with the study of contemporary heritage structures and the different existing techniques for their inspection, diagnosis and repair. In this context, the course will deal with the general methodology for inspection and diagnosis, considering their heritage value and the international recommendations and standards. The course will also cover the historical-constructive study of structures, the on-site inspection techniques and the study of structural glass facades. Finally, the course will deal with methodologies and techniques for the restoration of structures (see the "Dossiers for Block 1" page).

Course objectives:

To acquire learnings skills that allow students to continue studying in a self-directed or autonomous manner

To qualify the students in the most relevant inspection techniques: Non Destructive Testing (NDT) and Minor Destructive Testing (MDT)

To qualify the students for taking the decision when and how a structural element may be preserved.

Course structure:

The course combines theoretical classes with active learning. Theory classes (lectures) will have a duration of one hour. The teaching material will be uploaded to the eGela platform before the class. In order to put into practice the theoretical contents, short exercises will be conducted in class. In addition, students will also undertake a course exercise. This task will be done in groups, using active learning methodologies, in order to promote cooperative work and collective autonomy. Each working group will study the structural system of one of the buildings proposed at the beginning of the course. In the exercise, the students will inspect and diagnose the structural elements of the building and, subsequently, they will elaborate a proposal for the repair of the elements with damage or pathologies.


22/1/2024 - 9/2/2024 (teaching weeks)

12/2/2024 - 16/2/2024 (week to complete exercises)


Coordinator: Daniel Luengas Carreño, 1 ECTS. Santiago Sánchez-Beitia, 0,5 ECTS. Rufino Hernández-Minguillón, 1 ECTS. Lauren Etxepare Iguiñiz, 0,5 ECTS. Josu Benito Ayúcar, 1 ECTS. Evaldas Šerelis, 1 ECTS. Ernestas Ivanauskas, 1 ECTS. Invited lecturers: Alfonso Lozano Martínez–Luengas (University of Oviedo) and Javier Sánchez Montero (IETcc-CSIC)


The course is structured in 5 modules, with the following lectures (marked "L"):

1.- General methodology for inspection and diagnosis: the material and immaterial values.

1: Heritage structures: cultural values, international recommendations and standards (L: D Luengas)

2.- The historic-constructive analysis: overloads due to structural modifications, problems derived from material substitutions, etc.

2: Materials and Structural Systems of Contemporary Architectural and Urban Heritage (L: D Luengas)

3: Historical-constructive analysis applied to heritage structures (D Luengas)

3.- Onsite inspection: the non-destructive and minor-destructive tests and monitoring

4: Masonry structures: non-destructive and minor-destructive tests and monitoring (L: Santiago Sanchez-Beitia)

5: Inspection, assessment and characterization of timber structures (L: J Benito)

6: Factors causing accidents and deformations (E Ivanauskas)

7: Reinforced concrete main structures defects: analysis and assessment by non-destructive testing methods (E Serelis)

8: Concrete structures: Inspection, assessment and characterization (A Lozano)

9:Steel structures: Inspection, assessment, characterization and protection against corrosion (A Lozano)

5.- Restoration of structures: purpose, requirements, evolution. Methodology of action.

L10: Research of Ultra high performance concrete structure and technology (E Serelis)

L11: Certification of construction product, CE marking, declarations of performance and different mistakes and their impact on product quality (E Ivanauskas)

L12: Durability of reinforced concrete structures: from design to maintenance (J Sánchez)

L13: Restoration of timber structures: methodology and techniques (J Benito)

L14: Structural glass facades: history of construction, inspection and repair (L Etxepare)

L15: Examples of intervention (R. Hernández)

L16: Visit to heritage buildings in Pamplona city (R. Hernández)


Arriaga, F. (2002). Intervención en estructuras de madera. Aitim.

Bunshaft, G. (2000). Les Tours de verre. Édition du Linteau.

Button, D. & Pye, B. (Eds.) (1993). Glass in Building. Pilkington.

Carrió, J. M., Ramos, L. M. & Valderas, J. L. G. (2001). Patología y técnicas de intervención en estructuras arquitectónicas. Munilla-Lería.

Calavera, J. (2005). Patología de estructuras de hormigón armado y pretensado: p.: il. Intemac.

Compagno, A. (1999). Intelligent Glass Façades. Material, Practice, Design, Berlin: Burkhäuser.

Donaldson, B. (Ed.) (1991). Exterior Wall Systems: Glass and Concrete Technology, Design and Construction. ASTM.

Monjo, J. & Maldonado, L. (2001). Patología y técnicas de intervención en estructuras arquitectónicas. Munilla-Lería.

Monjo Carrió, J (1999). Patología y técnicas de intervención en estructuras arquitectónicas.

Sánchez Beitia, S. (2020). Las Construcciones Históricas: Los análisis previos y la cultura científica. UPV/EHU.

Sánchez Beitia, S. (2020). Estabilidad e Isostaticidad en la Arquitectura. Díaz de Santos.

Wurm, J. (2007). Glass structures. Design and construction of self-supporting skins. Birkhäuser.

Course assessemnt:

In order to successfully complete the course, students will be required to pass all two sections: course exercise and the average of the class exercises. The value of each section is as follows:

- %80 course exercise

- %20 class exercises

Evaluation and Resit rules:

All the courses/subjects and Master Dissertation have jointly evaluation rules based in the quality of the practical works proposed by the teachers. The student and teachers presence is mandatory. Related with the courses/subjects all the teachers involved in them have to send to the coordinator teacher the individual evaluation of the students

The evaluation level (excellent, good and deficient) will be taken by the coordinator following the opinions of the teachers involved and in agreement with them. The evaluation level will be discussed with the student. If a student fail a course (deficient level), at least one resit per course/subject within the period Block will be allowed. This resit will take into account the new data and solutions reported by the student. The resit evaluation process will be similar to the initial one.

Students with a deficient level after resitting a course/subject will be remain bound to the EMJMD until ends of the respective Block where the course is allocated. In these cases, the Academic Committee will review the study performance status of the student and advises on continuation of the programme in accordance with their regulations. Students with very weak study performance (decided by the Academic Committee) may lose their scholarship or may be advised to end their study. Students who quite ARURCOHE early, but have successfully completed several courses/subjects, will get a certificate stating the courses for which they have earned credits (in ECTS). This decision will be communicated to the Erasmus+ Program office.